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McLean

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Route 66: McLean, Texas

McLean is a small town on the plains of the eastern Texas Panhandle. Its Main Street is the Historic U.S. Route 66 and its Commercial Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It has a Vintage Phillips 66 Service Station, a Museum dedicated to barbed wire and the ruins of a Prisoner of War Camp

McLean TX

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About McLean, Texas

Facts, Trivia and useful information

Elevation: 2,861 ft. (872 m). Population: 778 (2010 census).
Time zone: Central (CST): UTC minus 6 hours. Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5).

McLean is located in Gray County, in the eastern region of the Texas Panhandle.

The Texas Panhandle covers a rectangular section of northern Texas. New Mexico borders it to the west and Oklahoma to the east.
Most of it is flat (High Plains), and it is a relatively dry area averaging 20 inches of rain per year (500 mm); however the Ogallala Aquifer supplies water for irrigation of the loamy, clayey, and calcareous soils of the plains.

McLean's History

The Paleo-Indian ancestors of the Comanche and Kiowa Indians lived here over 10,000 years ago. Later Indians lived hunting the southern buffalo on the plains but after the US annexed Texas, a period of wars began. The natives lost and were displaced to reservations. This opened the land to pioneers.

Main and Railroad St. at McLean
View of Main Street and 1st St. McLean, TX.

Click on image for Interactive Google Street View

In 1901, the Rock Island Railway set up a switch in Gray County and it was around this switch that rancher Alfred Rowe donated 640 acres of land for a townsite that would become McLean.

He chose a spot which was next to the Chicago, Rock Island and Gulf Railway station where he shipped his longhorn cattle to the markets.

Rancher perished on the Titanic

Alfred Rowe (1853 - 1912). Born in Lima Peru was part of a wealthy English merchant family. He moved to the US in 1878 with 500 pounds and eventually settled on land he purchased in the Salt For of the Red River, in 1884. His RO Ranch covered 200,000 acres.

He donated the land for establishing what would become the town of McLean next to the station where he shipped his longhorn cattle to the markets.

In 1901 he married Constance Ethel Kingsley and in 1910 he moved with his family back to England but returned twice a year to keep an eye on his ranch.

On his April 1912 journey, he embarked on the HMS Titanic tragic maiden voyage. He refused to board a lifeboat and died of exposure. His body was recovered and buried in Liverpool.

Rowe and Kingsley Streets in McLean remember both his and his wife's names.

The town was named after a Texan Civil War hero, Judge and representative in the State Legislature, William P. McLean (1836 - 1925) he was also secretary of the Texas Railroad Commission.

Livestock and agriculture helped the town grow and it incorporated in 1909. C.S. Rice was its first mayor.

Oil in the mid 1920s and U.S. Highway 66 contributed to the town's prosperity during the Great Depression. By 1940 its population had reached 1,500 inhabitants.

A Prisoner of War Camp was built in 1942 to house German POWs, it closed in 1945.

Growth of Amarillo and Pampa led to a slow decline of McLean during the 1950s and 60s. Interstate 40 bypassed the town reducing the inflow of travelers.

Where to Stay

Besides the Cactus motel mentioned below, the closest town with a pick of places to stay is neighboring Shamrock, 19 miles (31 km) east of McLean.

>> Book your Hotels in Shamrock

Lodging Near McLean along Route 66

Heading West.... into Texas

Heading East.... into Oklahoma

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Book your Hotel along Route 66

Weather in McLean

The area where McLean is located is quite dry and around 24 in (618 mm) of rain fall every year. It can be quite hot in summer with averages that range from 65°F (19°C) to values over 90°F (30°C). It cools at night.

Winters have averages that vary between 51°F (10°C) 26°F (-4°C), below freezing point.

Snow: You may not associate snow with Texas, but they are linked: it snows in McLean starting around the first week of December. You may encounter snow between September and March. As it is a high area, snowfall is greater than in Oklahoma, and averages 18” per year (with maximum values of about 41”), that is: 43 to 103 cm.

Tornadoes in the Panhandle region: this part of Texas is located within the famous "Tornado Alley", yet it is highly unlikely that you may see one. Read more: Tornadoes on Route 66.

Route 66 and McLean Texas
Location of McLean, Texas, on Route 66

Getting To McLean

McLean is the third town along I-40 and U.S. Route 66 after entering Texas from Oklahoma.

It is 34 miles (55 km) west of the Texas state line.

Heading west from McLean, it is 75 miles (119 km) to Amarillo and 150 miles (241 km) to the New Mexico state line. Shamrock is 19 miles (31 km) to the east.

Map of McLean and Route 66

between Texola, Oklahoma and Glenrio, Texas.

Pale Blue: Historic Route 66 alignment; Red line: I-40 where it overlaps the old alignment.

Black: Jericho Gap section of US highway 66. Blue: Original alignment of US 66 between Amarillo and Conway.

Google Maps. Terms. Icons.

Route 66 itinerary to McLean

Route 66 logo

See previous sections of US Route 66:

Below we detail the itinerary from McLean to Conway. You can also see the followint sections of Route 66 after Conway:

From McLean to Conway on Route 66

Leave the town starting at the corner of Main and 1st St. (zero mile) and head west. Take a left turn when you reach TX-273 (0.6 miles) cross to the south of I-40 (Exit 142) and head west along the south Frontage Road (1.2 mi.). At County Road 26, go right (2.2 mi.) and then take a left to head westwards along the South Service Rd. of I-40.

AT Exit 135 (8 miles) it becomes TX-271 Loop W. and goes straight through the town of Alanreed as its Third Street. It passes the historic Cemetery.

Alanreed

Cross Main St. (8.6 mi.) and see the vintage Service Station on the SW corner. Head out of town by the oldest church on Texas' Route 66, (9 miles) and keep along the south service Rd. of I-40 until reaching Exit 132 (12 mi.). Here you must get on to I-40 West.

Jericho Gap

Route 66 does carry on west south of I-40 but turns into a dirty surface road and ends at private property. This is part of the Jericho Gap which entrapped drivers in its sticky mud.

Jericho

Leave I-40 west at Exit 124 (19 mi.) and go South along TX-70 to visit the old Jericho Cemetery, a few miles southwest of the Exit.

You can drive the Jericho Gap to the west or, return to I-40 and continue westbound. At Exit 121 (22.4 miles) return to the south frontage road of I-40 towards the west.

Groom

At Exit 114 (30 mi.) the I-40 Frontage Road becomes I-40BUS (near the famous Leaning Water Tower), and enters Groom becoming its Front St. Drive by its Main St. (31.5 miles) and after passing along the south of the Great Cross, the road meets the I-40 at Exit 110 (33.6 mi.).

Groom to Conway

Take the south service road westwards and pass the Exit 105 (39.2 mi.), an I-40 overpass with CR-V on the south and FM-2880 on the north, this is the location of Lark.

At the next important intersection (46.2 miles) you will find CR-O on the north, leading to I-40's Exit 98 and TX-207 which goes straight ahead, westwards. Take it, it is the Historic US-66 (TX-207).

Conway

Shortly after, (47.2 mi.) another crossing: FM 2161 heads west, and is US-66, it continues to Amarillo. This is the site of Conway. Take a right turn along TX-207 towards I-40 and just next to Exit 96 (47.8 miles) to visit its Buggy Farm.

Road Safety

Keep aware of the Road Information: TxDOT Highway Conditions

The exit and entry ramps of I-40 do not intersect its service roads; they merge with them. Those driving the on- and off-ramps have the right of way. Drivers along the I-40 Service Roads must yield to ramp. Drive safely and pay attention when approaching a ramp to avoid collisions with those exiting I-40.

Attractions & Sights

Things to Do and See in McLean

McLean's Main Street is the Historic U.S. Route 66; visit its Commercial Historic District which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Don't miss its Phillips 66 Service Station, the barbed wire Museum and its World War II POW Camp

Town Attractions

Sights in the town of McLean

Information

City Hall, 220 N. Main St. Housed in a former Masonic Hall. Tel. 806 779 2481 Mon. to Fri. 8:00 AM - Noon and 1:00 to 5:00 PM

McLean Commercial Historic District

barbed wire hat at the McLean museum

Barbed Wire Hat at the local museum, by Highsmi th, Carol M.

The Historic District is defined by 2nd Street on the north, Railroad St. on the south and Rowe St. to the east and Gray St. to the West (McLean TX). The Route 66 corridor runs along 1st and Railroad Streets.

Listed in the National Register of Historic Places

The Classical layout of a "Mother Road" town between 1930 and 1970: assortment of vintage gasoline stations, stores, garages and motels. Relive the heyday of Route 66.

Uplift Capital of the World

At one time visitors arriving at McLean were welcomed by a colorful billboard that announced they had reached «The Uplift Capital of the World»

uplift verb \(.)əp-'lift\
: to make (someone) happy or hopeful
: to lift (something) up : to raise (something) to a higher position

That was maybe a pun: travel and "road tripping" is fun and raises your spirits, but McLean also had a factory that made brassieres, which according to its advertising: «mold gently yet firmly to that graceful uplift that is youth's alone»

The Form-o-uth Brassiere Company of Gardena, California, opened a branch in the town in 1957. They closed in the 1970s and were a big employer in town.

1947 Brassiere Advertisement

During the economic boom years that followed World War II, in the late 1940s and 1950s, McLean greeted thousands of motorists who were crisscrossing the country vacationing.

During its heyday the town had 22 auto-related businesses and 17 of them were gasoline service stations. Other shops included tire repair and dealerships.

A 1947 magazine advertisement of "Form-o-uth" Photo Credits

Bypassed by I-40, the town gradually froze in time in a state of arrested decay, a time capsule which is slowly being restored to its former glory.

The town still retains its easygoing atmosphere of the mid-20th century, and its commercial district which was shaped by Route 66 and happy travelers. Its Commercial District was listed in the historical register on December 20, 2006.

Sights in the Historic District

Phillips 66 Service Station, McLean

218 West First St (McLean TX), on the southeast corner of Gray St.

Route 66 reached McLean in 1927 and shortly after Phillips Petroleum chose the town as the location of its first gasoline station in Texas, which stands to this day.

Phillips 66 service station at McLean, TX
Historic Place: Phillips 66 service station at McLean TX. Photo:

The building is surprisingly small for modern travelers, it was built in Tudor Revival style (which imitated medieval English cottages with simple lines, steep pitched roofs, tall windows, brickwork walls and high chimneys).

The service station closed in 1977 but has been restored to its original condition.

Old Logo of Phillips gasoline

Phillips. The Phillips brothers discovered oil in 1905 but their company (Phillips Petroleum Co.) did not open its first gasoline station until 1927, when it purchased a small Texan refinery.

Phill'er Up. Their first service stations opened in Wichita, Topeka, Salina (Kansas) and Bartlesville (Oklahoma) and were located close to the railway because gasoline was transported in tankcars.

The gas stations were designed to blend in with the local neighborhoods, which were residential and that was the origin of the "cottage" look.

The company developed a high-octane gasoline in 1927 and ran a test drive along the brand new U.S. Highway 66. The car reached a cruising speed of 66 mph so inevitably the fuel was named Phillips 66®. The highway's shield shaped road sign inspired the company logo.

Main Street

The Main Street is paved with red bricks. On the block between Railroad and 1st, several classic & vintage 20th century buildings can be seen, like the old theater:

Avalon Movie Theater

The building has a distinctive Art Deco facade, with the typical geometric elements of that style. The building dates back to the 1930s and has been restored by the Old Route 66 Association of Texas.

Its name is that of a legendary island in the legend of King Arthur.

It remained in operation for over fifty years.

The McLean Alanreed Historical Museum

116 South Main St. Tue to Fri. 10:00 AM - Noon and 1:00 to 4:00 PM. March to December. Tel 806 779 2731

Around the Town

There are other sights in the town, along the Route 66 corridor:

Cactus Inn Sign

Cactus Inn Motel

On the corner of Pine (101 Pine St.) and Railroad St., on the western part of town.

Route 66 was McLean's Main Street and it offered travelers diners, cafes and restaurants. Lodging included tourist cabins and motels, most of them have closed down, but one survives, the Cactus Inn Motel

In case you are wondering, yes, the motel's sign is shaped like a cactus.

Cactus Inn sign. A. Whittall

It was built in 1956 and has a definite 50's air to it. Cacti planted by the sign add to the ambiance.

Devil's Rope Museum

100 Kingsley St. On the southwestern corner of East Main St and Kingsley St., McLean. Tel 806 779 2225. Open Tue- Sat 10:00 AM - 04:00 PM

The brick building that houses the museum was once a bra manufacturing company.

Devil's Rope Museum in McLean, TX
Barbed Wire Museum: Devil's Rope Museum McLean TX
Photo: Venturist

This is a unique museum exhibiting different varieties of barbed wire (did you know that there are over 2,000 types of barbed wire?), wiring tools and local memorabilia like some snakes pickled in formalin from Lela's snake pit and souvenirs from the POW Camp.

Until the invention of barbed wire, keeping cattle contained in a specific location required thorn hedges, stone walls or wood fences. In open terrain forks in rivers helped to retain errant cattle, but the open prairies of Western America needed something else, and that led to the invention of barbed wire.

Patents were issued for steel wire fences after 1853. Michael Kelly from New York patented barbed wire in 1868. But the first practical wire as known nowadays was invented by Joseph F. Glidden of DeKalb, Illinois. He was granted Patent No. 157,124 on Nov. 24 1874.

A steel wire with steel barbs that were held in position by another strand of wire wrapped around the first. Strong and easy to manufacture, it was a success and earned its inventor the title of "Father of Barbed Wire". It was the most important factor in the economic conquest of the Great Plains.

Did you know that... Glidden established a ranch in Bushland next to what is now U.S. Route 66, to demonstrate that his barbed wire was effective.

He started fencing in 1881 and proved the advantages of barbed wire. The eastern fence line of his ranch is nowadays Western Street in Amarillo. Heirs of Glidden still manage the ranch.

Tours & Itineraries

Historic Route 66 in McLean

Above we describe the historic Route 66 alignment from Mc Lean to Conway, TX and you can also travel US 66 from Mc Lean, TX to Texola, Oklahoma.

World War II Prisoner of War Camp Site

Take Exit 146 on I-40 2 miles east of McLean and go north along CR 5280 (county line road) for 1 mile. USAGPS: 35.240616, -100.538312

Texas Historical Commission Marker

The camp was on the grounds of the current municipal airport. Some remains of the buildings can be seen from the marker sign at the roadside.

The POW camp at McLean was formally known as a Permanent Alien Internment Camp, and it was set up during World War II.

Construction began in September 1942 and the first German prisoners arrived in July 1943. The camp had almost 30 buildings which accommodated military and civilian personnel as well as three compounds for the POWs.

There were also other buildings: quarters for bachelor officers and nurses, hospital, barber shop, theatre, laundry, Post Exchange and fire department. The first prisoners had been captured in North Africa, and had fought in General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps. The camp housed over 3,000 prisoners by October 1944. After the war ended, the camp closed in July 1945.

Sources

Eloise Lane, White Deer Land Museum, Pampa, TX

H. Allen Anderson, "Rowe, Alfred", Handbook of Texas Online. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

The Devil's Rope Museum website.

Our History, Phillips 66 Gas. Phillips 66® and its respective logos are registered trademarks owned by Phillips 66 Company.

William Nienke & Sam Morrow. Historic Markers in Texas POW Camp

McLean Commercial Historic District and Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Route 66, National Park Service.

Panhandle snowfall National Weather Service.

Image by David Spigolon adapted under its CC BY 2.0 License.

Image by Venturist adapted under its CC BY 2.0 License.

Image Used as per Google Street View Image Api Updated Dec. 31, 2014.

Image from California Stylist Vol. XI No. 2, February 1947. Used as per Archive.org policy.

Original artwork by A. Whittall.

Image by Carol M. High smith, Library of Congress, the High smith (Carol M.) Archive Collection; Public Domain

Image by Vítězslav Válka adapted under its CC BY-SA 3.0 CZ License.

Map Icons by Nicolas Mollet under its CC BY SA 3.0 License.