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Leupp Corner

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A vanished Trading Post...

Leupp Corner is now a barren road junction in Arizona. It was once the site of the classic Hopi House Trading Post; it is the access to the village of Leupp, which was an internment camp for Japanese Americans during World War II.

Leupp Corner AZ

Head East >
Winslow ¦ Joseph City ¦ Holbrook

 

About Leupp Corner, Arizona

Facts, Trivia and useful information

Elevation: 5,073 ft (1,547 m). Population: none (2010).
Time zone: Mountain (MST): UTC minus 7 hours. Summer (DST) no DST⁄ PDT (UTC-7).

Leupp Corner (it is pronounced "Loop"), is a place lcated at the junction of Arizona Highway 99 and U.S. Route 66. See a Map showing location of Leupp Corner. It is in Coconino County, in central Arizona.

A view of Leupp, near "Leupp Corner" in Arizona, close to Route 66

view of Leupp AZ near Route 66
Leupp, looking west to the San Francisco Peaks
Leupp, AZ, Image
Click on image for Interactive Google Street View

For the early history of Leupp and Leupp Corner, please see the History of Winslow.

The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, later Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad (AT&SF) laid their tracks through this part of Arizona in 1882, the stations of Moqui and Dennison were 3 miles east and west of Leupp Corner. The Navajo Reservation and the Hopi Reservation are both just north of Leupp Corner.

The town of Leupp was established in the Navajo Reservation in 1907.

The Name: Leupp Corner

It was the point where the road branched off (hence "corner") towards the town of Leupp.

Leupp is a Swiss German orign, a short form of Leupi, a Swiss pet form of Leopold.

The corner was a quiet spot on a track that linked Leupp to Winslow. But Route 66 was routed through the area in 1926 and that brought a steady flow of travellers. The Hopi House Trading Post catered to their needs in the 1940s.

Where to Stay

There is no lodging on Route 66 in Leupp Corner, but you can find hotels nearby in Twin Arrows and Winslow

>> Book your Hotels in Winslow or Twin Arrows.

Lodging Near Leupp Corner along Route 66

Heading East.... In Arizona

East... In New Mexico

Heading West...

Nearby...
Book your Route 66 hotel now
Book your Hotel along Route 66

>> There is a RV campground in Winslow and Barringer Crater

Weather in Leupp Corner

Weather widget for Winslow, the town nearest Leupp Corner

The climate of Leupp Corner is dry, temperate and arid. Relative air humidity is low and this leads to wide variations beween night and day temperatures all through the year, causing hot dry summer days but cool summer nights and cold winter ones.

During summer (Jul), the average high temperature is around 94.5°F (34.7°C) and the average low is 61.9 °F (16.6°C). In winter the average high (Jan) is 49.5°F (9.7°C) and the average low is about 20.8°F (-6.2°C), well below freezing pont.

As expected for an arid area, rainfall is scarce: 6.99 inches (178 mm) yearly and about half of it falls from July to September (3.1 in. - 79 mm). Snowfall is also light, with only 6.4 inches (16.3 cm) per year, between Oct. and April.

It is sunny in Leupp Corner, only 53 days per year are days with precipitation.

Tornado risk

There is almost zero tornado risk in Leupp Corner: Coconino County has no Tornado watches. The area west of the Rocky Mountains has virtually no tornado events at all.

Tornado Risk: read more about Tornado Risk along Route66.
 

Route 66 and Leupp Corner, AZ
Location of Leupp Corner, Route 66

Getting to Leupp Corner

To the east is Winslow and Joseph City, (33 mi) Holbrook (44 miles). Further east is Houck. On the New Mexico state line is Lupton.

To the west are Twin Guns, Winona (33 miles) and Flagstaff (48 miles).

Map of Leupp Corner and Route66

in Arizona.

Pale Blue: Historic Route 66 alignment; Red line: I-40 where it overlaps the old alignment.

See Route 66's alignment in Arizona

  Click to See the "Williams to Topock" alignment (Western Part of US 66 in Arizona)

Remove or restore State shading
 

Google Maps. Terms. Icons.

Route 66's alignment in Arizona: Leupp Corner

Route 66 logo

Route 66 across Arizona

Historic U.S. highway 66, "Route 66" has been designated as an All-American Road and National Scenic Byway in the state of Arizona.

Click on the following link for a Full description of Route 66 across the state of Arizona.

Below is more information on the Route 66's alignment which was routed through Leupp Corner after it was created in 1926.

Leupp Corner, Arizona, its Sights and Attractions

Things to Do and Places to See

A place where once stood a Trading Post...

Leupp Corner is a deserted spot on Route 66 where once stood the Hopi House Trading Post. It is the access to Leupp and the ruins of a Japanese American World War II internment camp.

Historic context, the classic Route 66

In 1946, Jack DeVere Rittenhouse published his "A Guide Book to Highway 66" and described the road and its attractions and services for the travellers. He wrote the following for the segment west of Winslow:

Moqui

Moqui or "Moki" was a name given to the Hopi people, it means "dead" in their language, but may have been applied to them by their neighbors, perhaps the Keresan speaking Pueblo people.

This name was recorded by Espejo as "Mohace" and "Mohoce" in 1583, and by Oñate in 1598 as "Mohoqui".

8 miles from Winslow was Moqui, which was another place described as a "town" on the maps, but actually was only "a railroad siding with a few yellow board shacks".

Leupp Corner, is 11 miles from Winslow and the only building in the area was the Hopi House, which Rittenhouse described as a service station with an "affable, experienced" trader with "a fairly extensive stock". There were some Navajo hogans near it.

road leading to Dennison, AZ
The road leading to Dennison, Arizona
Static Image by Google Street View
Click on image for Interactive Google Street View

4 miles west of Leupp was yet another "town", Dennison, which was merely a siding with no gas, motels or services for the tourists. It was followed 3 miles to the west by Meteor City which had one building which covered the needs of travellers: gas, food, curios. Rittenhouse mentions a curious fact; the sign next to the post said "Population 2"; for many years it had announced "Population 1", the jump in the population was due to the recent married of the original "resident".

US 66 winded along the hills after Meteor City and reached Meteor Crater Observatory 20 miles west of Winlsow. The castle-like observatory was still in good shape, now it is in ruins.

One mile further west was Rimmy Jim's Service Station which had cabins built like Navajo hogans, lunchroom and gasoline. You could also buy tickets to visit the nearby (4.5mi. south) Meteor Crater. They cost 25 cents each (things were far cheaper in 1946).

Hopi House Trading Post

A now lost memory on Route 66: Hopi House Trading Post

a vintage Postcard view of Hopi House Trading post at Leupp Cornerk AZ
Vintage Postcard view of the now defunct Hopi House Trading Post
Leupp Corner, AZ, Image

In 1941, Ray Meany had his Hopi House Trading Post built in a classic pueblo-revival style, with flat roof and exposed "vigas" - those roof beams that jut out of the wall, so common in the native Pueblo buildings; did you know that "viga" means "beam" in Spanish?.

Ray Meany (1906-1987), former sailor and later composer of Hawaiian musicBy clicking you will leave our Website. Come back soon! Aloha songs ran the Golden Gate Publishers with over 400 copyrights and owned a steel guitar school in Oakland California. He was the owner of the Hopi House in Leupp Corner (1944 - 1951) and also acquired the "Old Frontier" from Hubbell in Joseph City.

It was a shop that not only offered curios, rocks, Navajo baskets, pottery, genuine Indian jewelry and rugs, it also included a motel, a trailer park, a Texaco gas station and a cafe. The place also sold beer and wine.

It was mentioned by Jack DeVere Rittenhouse in his 1946 "A Guide Book to Highway 66" as the only building in the area, and having "a fairly extensive stock". There were also some Navajo hogans (typical native houses) nearby.

It promoted itself as being on the "Main Entrance to Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations... 10 minutes west of Winslow, Arizona".

But in 1955 Ray and his wife Ella divorced. He kept the Hopi House but later sold it to Armand Ortega, and with the proceeds, bought a motel in California. As the Meanys also owned the Frontier Trading Post in Joseph City (on Route 66) east of Winslow, Ella kept it as part of the divorce agreement.

The Hopi House remained open until I-40 bypassed it in the late 1970s and now only some ruins of its foundations can be spotted among the bushes.

See a View of the Place Nowadays.

Leupp

Pop. (2010) 951. Elevation 4,763 ft (1.452 m)

From Leupp Corner to Leupp Map (18.8 miles).

A small location in Coconino County, north of Route 66 which can be reached from Leupp Corner via AZ-99.

It is inside the Navajo Nation Reservation and its Navajo name is Tsiizizii.

The town was established close to where the San Fransico Wash met the Little Colorado River around 1907 when the Bureau of Indian Affairs (B.I.A.) opened a boarding school for about 500 Navajo children.

The Name Leupp

It was named after Francis E. Leupp, who was the U.S. Commissioner for Indian Affairs at that time (1905 to 1908).

This town is now known as "Old Leupp". The current town of Leupp is about 2 miles northwest. The old town had the school, built in red sandstone in the 1920s, the administrative buildings, a Presbyterian church, some residences, and a water tower and windmill (these two are still standing). Later a levee was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps to protect it from flooding, However, the school had closed in early 1942 because of its inconvenient location on the flood plain.

This is a Map of Old Leupp.

The new town is on the west bank of the Little Colorado River, and there still is a B.I.A. Boarding school in the town, it is named Leupp Schools, Inc. (www.leuppschools.org).

Leupp Isolation Center

An Internment Camp for Japanese Americans during World War II

More World War II Camps

There are two other camps along Route 66: the Santa Fe Internment Camp in New Mexico, and the German Prisoner of War Camp in McLean, Texas.

The U.S. government used the abandoned Bureau of Indian Affairs boarding school to intern Japanese Americans during World War II.

The inmates came from the Moab "Isolation Center" in Utah and from the Manzanar camp. These people had been considered "noncompliant" or "disloyal" American citizens (just because they were of Japanese ancestry).

During 1943, 41 men were moved to Leupp adn during the war, a total of 80 Japanese Americans were housed in the facilities until they were al moved to another camp at Tule Lake. The site remained open but empty of inmantes until 1944, when it was returned to the Department of Interior.

Internment of Japanese Americans

The heinous attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, brought America into World War II. It was a surprise attack that unnerved the US and its people.

Paranoia and fear of the "Yellow Peril" created a strong anti-Asian feeling. Tens of thousands of Americans with a Japanese ancestry were uprooted, assembled and sent to "relocation" camps: barracks behind barbed wires in the desert area of the Southwest. About 120,000 Japanese Americans were sent to these camps and lost their homes, jobs, businesses for the duration of World War II. Nothing like this happened to German Americans, who were allowed to live in peace.

Tours & Itineraries plus outdoor Fun

Nearby Route 66 Towns

Head east and visit Winslow, Holbrook, Navajo, Sanders, Houck, Lupton. Go west and visit Barringer Crater, Two Guns, Twin Arrows, Winona and Flagstaff.

The area around Leupp Corner

Heading west from Leupp Corner the road gradually climbs into the Arizona Plateau, a table-land which will rise all the way to Flagstaff.

To the west lie the snow capped summits of volcanic San Francisco Peaks around Flagstaff. They are young volcanoes (6-million-years-old) and the highest one is Humphreys Peak which is the highest point in Arizona (12,633 ft - 3.853 m).

US 66 at Leupp Corner leaves the Little Colorado River behind; the river heads towards the nortwest and runs towards the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon.

The Alignment of Old Route 66 near Leupp Corner

route 66 shield Arizona
Leaving Winslow

Leave central Winslow and head West along West 3rd St. (Map: Leaving downtown Winslow), at the junction with Old W Hwy 66 you have two options:

  • 1926 road: Head west along the 1926 alignment until it reaches a dead end just south of I-40. (1926 alignment map).
  • later road: keep along W 3rd St. to its end, just past Exit 252 of I-40. (Later alignment).

Both options end on the south side of I-40 and their roadbeds further west are under the freeway, but you can meet them further west on the north side of I-40, so head there crossing to the North Frontage Rd. at Exit 252 and head west.

There is a segment 1.3 miles long shown in Map of Route 66 just west of Winslow.

To Leupp Corner

This segment also ends in a dead end, making it necessary to backtrack and get on I-40 at Exit 252 and head west along it until Exit 245, where you can go to the North Frontage Rd. again and head west along Route 66 (AZ-99). This segment passes by Leupp Corner.

1926 - 1938

The road continued further west and heads along the Red Gap Ranch. This segment passes Exit 239 and (this is the 1926 alignment) it ends in a dead end on the east side of the railroad tracks after 8.1 miles. ( see a photograph of the dead end here). By clicking you will leave our Website. Come back soon!

This is the Map alignment through Leupp Corner.

Later 1940s - 1969 alignment

The road took another course after it was paved, at the point where modern I-40s Exit 239 is located, the road veered towards the south, passing in front of Meteor City trading Post and keeping west south of what is now I-40, across Cow Wash, the railway and then heading north into what today is the Rest Stop West, merging with the previous alignment.

This is the Map of the 1940s road through Meteor City; the western part of the road cannot be driven as it is cut by the tracks and I-40.

> > See the previous segment Joseph City to Winslow

> > This segment Winslow to Winona

> > See the next segment Flagstaff to Winona

National and State Parks

There are two parks which are near Leupp Corner: the Petrified Forest National Park and the Homolovi State Park.

Sources

Image by Kevin Walsh under its CC BY 2.0 License.

Postcard from www.66postcards.com, under Fair Use.

Debra Redsteer, 28 June 2008 Leupp, Arizona: A Shared Historic Space for the Navajo Nation and Japanese Americans

J. Burton, M. Farrell, F. Lord, and R. Lord, Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites Chap. 14.

Image Used as per Google Street View Image Api Updated Dec. 31, 2014.

Will Croft Barnes, Arizona Place Names, University of Arizona Press, 1988.

Historic Route 66 in Arizona All-American Road, National Scenic Byway, www.fhwa.dot.gov.

Jack DeVere Rittenhouse, (1946). A Guide Book to Highway 66.

Image by Vítězslav Válka adapted under its CC BY-SA 3.0 CZ License

Map Icons by Nicolas Mollet under its CC BY SA 3.0 License