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Joliet

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"The City of Steel and Stone"

1926-39 US 66 & 1940 -77 ALT US 66

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Joliet IL

Information, facts and trivia

Elevation: Elevation 614 ft (187 m). Population 147,433 (2010).
Time zone: Central (CST): UTC minus 6 hours. Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5).

Joliet is a city in Will County (it is its county seat) which also spreads into Kendall County, Illinois. It is located on Route 66 and the later ALT US 66. (A Map of Joliet).

History of Joliet

At the end of the last Ice Age the paleoindians peopled the area (about 11,000 years ago), in more recent times, the first white explorers, French from Canada enocuntered Illinois and Potawatome Native Americans in the area.

Two of these explorers, Louis Jolliet and the Jesuit Missionary Father Jacques Marquette paddled up the Des Plaines River in 1673 which runs through modern Joliet. The region became a part of their North American colony of Nouvelle France ("New France").

Des Plaines River

The river is 133 miles (214 km) long and flows south from Wisconsin, by Chicago and then with a southwestern course, it passes by Joliet and meets the Kankakee River to form the Illinois River which flows into the Mississippi River.

It was a Native route and the French named it after the trees along its banks: "La Rivière des Plaines" (River of the Plane Trees). They named the American sycamore and the red maple after the European plane tree which they resembled.

The Des Plaines was an Indian trade route as it had a short portage which linked it to the the Chicago River and the Great Lakes (read more about this Chicago Portage).

France lost its Canadian colonies to England after the Seven Year War (1756-63) and the territories became part of the US shortly after. Fort Dearborn at present Chicago was built in 1803.

First settlers sarted arriving in the late 1820s shortly after the state of Illinois was admitted into the Union (1818). The 1830s the Indian Removal Act forcibly removed all Indians west of the Mississippi River opening the area for farmers.

In 1836 Will County was created. It was named for Dr. Conrad Will, a member of the first Illinois Constitutional Convention and member of the Illinois Legislature.

Charles Reed built a cabin here in 1833 and the following year, James Campbell, treasurer of the Illinois and Michigan Canal laid out the town in 1834 and incorporated as a village named it "Juliet". Villagers rescinded their incorporation during the depression of 1837.

The Illinois Legislature changed its name to "Joliet" in 1845. Pronounced either "Jew-lee-et" or "Jah-lee-et", and in 1852 it reincorporated as a city.

The name: Joliet

There are different versions on the name: it was named after Campbell's wife (he founded it); as a complement to neighboring Romeo; that it was chosen from "Romeo and Juliet" or that it is the deformed name of French explorer Louis Jolliet, who passed by here in 1673, along the Des Plaines River. The last option is the most probable:

A 1674 map based on Jolliet's expedition named a 60-foot (20 m) limestone ridge along the river as "Mount Joliet". (later mined as a quarry and now a depression). In the 1700s English speakers pronounced the French name as "Joo-lee-et" (in French it is: "Jolly-et") which when written became "Juliet", "Joliete" and so it appeared in the maps of that time.

Jolliet, the explorer, had a French surname derived from "gai, joyeux, agéable (gay, joyful, agreeable).

Work began on the Illinois and Mississippi Canal in 1836 and it was completed in 1848, later the railroad arrived. Joliet started as a farming community, it also quarried limestone but steel beame an important part of Joliet's economy when coal was discovered nearby in the 1870s.

The Chicago Drainage Canal was dug in the 1890s, parallel to the old I&M canal, to be used not only for navigation but also to send the raw sewage of Chicago west so that it didn't taint its drinking water supply (Lake Michigan) and eliminate the constant cholera outbreaks.

The Pontiac Trail passed through the town and Route 4 was built from Chicago through Joliet.

Route 66 in town

When Route 66 was created in 1926 it followed the alignment of State Highway 4 until 1939. In 1940 the road was renamed US ALT 66 after a new US 66 was built further west, running between Braidwood, Plainfield and Willowbrook, this new US 66 bypassed Joliet.

Joliet: Hotels and Motels nearby

Accommodation in Joliet

> > Book your hotel in Joliet

Find More Accommodation near Joliet along Route 66

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Hotels east of Joliet

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>> See the RV campground nearby in Braidwood

The Weather

weather in Joliet, Il

Where is Joliet?

map of Joliet Illinois showing where it is on Route 66
Map showing the location of Joliet, Illinois on U.S. 66

The climate of Joliet is a humid continental one with all four seasons distinctly represented; summers are hot and humid, spring is wet and cool, autumn is mild and pleasant while winters are quite cold.

Temperatures: The average winter (January) high is 31°F (-0.3°C); and the average low is 17°F (-8.6°C). The summer average high (July) is 84°F (29°C) and the average low is 64°F (17.7°C).

Rainfall ranges from 3 to 4.3 (78 and 110 mm) inch monthly from April to November, and falls to a drier 1.7 in. (28 mm) the rest of the year. On average, the town gets 36.82 inches of rain each year (936 mm).

Snowfall: on average, 28 inches (71 cm) of snow falls each year in Joliet. The first snow falls in Nov. and the last (less than 1⁄4 inch or 8 mm) falls in April. There is usually no snow between May and September.

Tornado risk

The area that surrounds Joliet gets some 4 tornado strikes every year.

Tornado Risk: read more about Tornado Risk on US 66.

How to get to Joliet?

You can get to Joliet using Historic Route 66 or former ALt US-66 and also by using I-55 and taking Exits 253 or 257. US 30, US 6, US 52 and I-80 pass through Joliet, and I-355 runs east of it.

Map of Route 66 through Joliet, Illinois

Display Joliet Route 66 Map


  Click Map will appear below
 

Color key for Joliet:

Pale Blue: marks the 1926 - 1939 US 66 and the 1940 - 1977 ALT US 66 in Joliet.
Red line or gaps in alignment, is I-55, where it overlaps the old alignment.
Green Line: is US 66 from 1940 to 1958. After that date and until 1977 it became part of I-55 through Plainfield
Black are the sections that are missing.

Check each individual city for its specific color key.

Google Maps. Terms. Nicolas Mollet, CC BY SA 3.0 License

Route 66 in Illinois: Historic U.S. 66 in Joliet

Route 66 logo

Route 66 across Illinois

Route 66 is a Historic highway and has also been designated as a National Scenic Byway and an All-American Road in the state of Illinois.

Read this detailed description of Route 66 in Illinois.

Below you will find More information on Route 66 in Joliet.

Joliet's Route 66 Landmarks and Attractions

What to see in Joliet

US 66 in Joliet: historic context

In 1946 Jack DeVere Rittenhouse does not mention it in his 1946 "Guide Book to Highway 66" because he drove the "Main US 66" through Plainfield and Braidswood, bypassing it.

The 1939 WPA's guide to the state of Illinois mentions Joliet in its Route 66 tour: with a reference to the "new modern prison for men" in Stateville and then the town itself: "Points of Interest: Joliet Wall Paper Mills, American Institute of Laundering Vocational Training School, Oakwood Mound".

Drive along Route 66 in Joliet

Begin your tour at then north side of town at Romeoville; drive south from Romeoville to Joliet. At Crest Hill the main attraction to Crest Hill is Stateville Prison located just off Route 66.

As the highway approaches Joliet it passes under the railroad and becomes Broadway St. Ahead, at Ingalls St. to your left is Route 66 Park:

Route 66 Park

Route 66 Roadside Attraction

The park has several attractions:

Joliet Kicks on 66 Shield-sign

Hutchins and Broadway, Joliet

Joliet Kicks on 66 Shield-sign in Joliet US66

Joliet Kicks on 66 Shield-sign, Joliet, Il. Click for street view

Ahead, to your left at Moran and Broadway is the famous Rich and Creamy Ice Cream Stand with Jake and Elwood Blues (the Blues Brothers) dancing on the rooftop next to the giant ice cream cone.

Rich and Creamy Ice Cream Stand

920 N Broadway St

The city purchased the building and neighboring property in the early 2000s for a development plan (Broadway Greenway) including a water park and marina, but barge operators objected and it was scrapped. So Joliet is the landlord of the ice cream parlor. It even considered demolishing the stand for safety reasons because it was too close to the road, for safety reasons. It has been there since 1976, and was known as "Creamy delight" formerly it was a mobile home sales office built in 1965.

Rich and Creamy Ice Cream Stand with Jake and Elwood Blues dancing on the roof top in Joliet, Illinois

Rich and Creamy Ice Cream Stand with Jake and Elwood Blues dancing on the roof top in Joliet Route 66
Rich and Creamy Ice Cream Stand with Jake and Elwood Blues dancing on the roof top in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Continue south, to your right is another icon:

Dick’s Towing

911 N Broadway St, Joliet (NW corner of Ross and Broadway)

This is not a mock up, it is a real towing company (Dick's Towing). Don't miss the vintage cars and the very unusual rooftop decoration:

Dick’s Towing in Joliet, Illinois

Dick’s Towing in Joliet Route 66
Dick’s Towing in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Ahead, at the junction with Ruby St., turn left along it towards the bridge:

Ruby Street Bridge

The bridge has one main span and 3 approach spans and carries US-66 across the Des Plaines River. It was built in 1935 and has a total length of 396 ft (121 m). It is movable, to allow ships to pass. See its Street View.

The road now curves into Joliet proper. Ahead the road forks: Chicago (straight) was the original two way traffic alignment in Joliet, but after 1940, with the heavy wartime truck traffic from the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (near Elwood), the route which at that time became ALT 66, was realigned:

  • Southbound traffic went along the fork to the right via Ottawa St.
  • Northbound traffic followed Scott St.

The oiginal aligment until 1940 along Chicago St. is now cutoff at the County Courthouse between Jefferson and Washington Streets.

Here, at the fork is the First Dairy Queen Store in the whole World:

Site of the World's First Dairy Queen Store

Joliet local landmark

501 N. Chicago St., Joliet

Sherb Noble owned three ice cream parlors in Kankakee Illinois and his ice cream suppliers, the McCullough's told him about a new soft frozen dairy product they had developed. He tried it at his stores and it was a success. The McCullough family went on to estabish Dairy Queen and their friend, Novle opened the first store named "Dairy Queen" in Joliet. By 1941 they had opened 10 stores, growing to 100 by 1947 and 2,600 by 1955.

The oval brass plaque says "Original Dairy Queen Store - Established 1940 - Building Erected ca. 1895 - Joliet Local Landmark".

First Dairy Queen Store vintage photo in Joliet US66

First Dairy Queen Store vintage photo, Joliet, Il. noblestores.com

First Dairy Queen Store nowadays in Joliet US66

First Dairy Queen Store nowadays, Joliet, Il. Oval is on the lower left side of the facade. Click for street view

Turn along the right fork into Ottawa St. and head into Downtown Joliet. with a small zig-zag at Jackson St. Three blocks ahead is a marker: To your left, on the SW corner of Webster and Ottawa Streets is a Route 66 Wayside Exhibit and half way down the block to your right is the museum:

Joliet Area Historical Museum and Route 66 Welcome Center

204 North Ottawa Street

Enjoy a fee Route 66 exhibit and find out more at the Route 66 Information Center. It includes a Gift Shop

Park your car and take a short stroll to see some interesting sighs. Head south along Ottawa and turn left on Cass St. (which is U.S. 30, Lincoln Highway):

Lincoln Highway and Route 66 Marker

On the SW corner of Cass St. and N Chicago St.

Here is a 7-foot tall steel marker that reads "Historic Route 66 Lincoln Highway Intersection 1926-1940"

Lincoln Highway and Route 66 Marker in Joliet US66

Lincoln Highway and Route 66 Marker, Joliet, Il. Click for street view

The Lincoln Highway Meets Route 66

The Lincoln Highway was a private initiative to actively promote decent roads for cars (instead of muddy dirt tracks used by carts). The owner of the Prest-O-Lite Headlight Co., Carl Fisher got the support of his fellow automobile industry businessmen and founded the Lincoln Highway Association in 1913 to build a road from New York city to San Francisco.

It was the first transcontinental highway across America, spanning 3,400 miles. In 1926 Route 66 crossed its course here in Joliet. The two longest highways in the world at that time met in Joliet.

Today the Illinois alignment of the Lincoln Highway is an Illinois State Scenic Byway and also a National Scenic Byway.

Route 66 and Lincoln Highway

US 66 and the Lincoln Highway cross each other twice in Will County. Here in Joliet and on the 1940-58 alignment of US 66 in Plainfield. Read more about: US 66 and Lincoln Higway in Plainfield.

Turn right along Chicago St. and head south. On the second block is the Rialto Theater:

Rialto Square Theatre

102 North Joliet Street

This "Vaudeville movie palace" was the brainchild of the Rubens brothers and opened on May 24, 1926, the same year Route 66 was born. It was designed in a style that combined Greek, Roman and Byzantine styles. It has been restored and there are tours most weekends (more at rialtosquare.com)

Rialto Square Theatre in Joliet US66

Rialto Square Theatre, Joliet, Il. Click for street view

Plaza Hotel in Joliet US66

Plaza Hotel, Joliet, Il. Click for street view

Head back to your car walking north along Ottawa St. at the corner of Clinton is a Hotel building over 100 years old:

Hotel Plaza

Neon Sign

26 W Clinton St.

Designed in commercial classical style by Raymond Hobbs it was built in 1910 and housed the Hobbs Hotel, a grocery, a florist and a cafe. It was run by Hobbs until the 1940s when it was sold to new owners becoming the Plaza Hotel. A third floor was added later. It is pictured above.

Don't miss the neon sign at the corner and the other on Clinton. Now continue driving south until you reach Washington St. and turn left. Ahead you will meet the northbound I-53 & US 6 (formerly Northbound ALT US 66) which curve here by Union Station:

Historic Joliet Union Station

Listed in the National Register of Historic Places

50 East Jefferson Street

Ths station was built in 1912 and its "Grand Ballroom" has crystal chandeliers and 45 foot ceilings. This is its street view.

Ahead, on the SW corner of E Clinton and Scott is a former Classic Hotel

The Louis Joliet Hotel

National Landmark

22 E Clinton St, Joliet

The luxurious hotel was built in 1927, just one year after Route 66 was aligned through Joliet. Its postcard pictured below says "Modern - Fireproof, Famous for fine food - Louis Joliet Famous French Expl.".

It is an eight-story building with 225 rooms with an two-story lobby housing an enormous fireplace. It closed in 1964 and since has been refurbished and sold as apartments.

The Louis Joliet Hotel vintage postcard in Joliet, Illinois

The Louis Joliet Hotel vintage postcard in Joliet Route 66
The Louis Joliet Hotel vintage postcard in Joliet, Illinois. www.ebay.com

The Louis Joliet Hotel nowadays in Joliet, Illinois

The Louis Joliet Hotel nowadays in Joliet Route 66
The Louis Joliet Hotel nowadays in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

At Ohio road turn left for a short (2 mile round-trip) to visit the Collins Street Prison & Prison Park, see this Map with directions.

Collins Street Prison

1125 Collins St, Joliet

The old Prison with its limestone walls and its Medieval castle appearance was built in 1858 using forced labor of prisoners. The walls are 25 feet high and 5 feet thick. It closed for good in 2002.

Collins Street Prison in Joliet, Illinois

Collins Street Prison in Joliet Route 66
Collins Street Prison in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

This former "Joliet Correctional Center" housed 1,300 inmates. It has appeared in the TV series Prison Break and the 1980 movie The Blues Brothers.

Blues Brothers

The cult classic movie "Blues Brothers" (1980) directed by John Landis starring John Belushi, Dan Ayroyd as "Joliet" Jake Blues and Elwood Blues respectively, they are brothers (originally characters from Saturday Night Live).

They drove a Bluesmobile.

Retrace your steps back to Route 66 and head north to Columbia Street, here, to your right is a Historic Site with a Parking area:

Joliet Iron Works Historic Site

Route 66 Roadside Attraction and Historic Site

31 Columbia Street, Joliet

Abundant coal and good communications in the 1870 made Joliet an ideal spot to manufacture steel. The plant is now closed but there is a self-guided tour along a paved trail to learn more about it.

This marks the end of your city tour but there are more attractions a bit further afield, we describe these side trips below:

Side trips around Joliet

Some short trips around Joliet:

East - For History lovers

A 18 mile round trip along US 30 Map with Directions.

Oakwood Mound

1321 E Cass St

The Oakwood Mound is situated south of the main entrance of Oakwood Cemetery. The cemetry was established in 1855.

It is a Woodland period mound from 1,000 AD, and it once stood 8-feet high, now it is only 4 feet high after archaeological excavations by the University of Chicago in 1928.

It contained the remains of more than 300 persons, probably disposed of rapidly.

Lincoln Highway Marker

1801 E Lincoln Hwy, New Lenox

At the Lincoln-Way Central High School is an informational gazebo and next to it is the original 4-foot tall concrete marker from 1927 with the distinctive logo, directional arrow, and a bronze Lincoln head medallion. An original route marker of the Lincoln Highway before such markers were replaced by U.S. highway shields.

Return to Joliet and head northwest:

Northwest: A Motel

Town House Motel

832 Plainfield Rd. 1.5 mile drive. See this Map with Directions.

The motel is still open, and lodging guests. The postcard tells us that it had "20 Units with combination tub and shower in all rooms... magic fingers - swimming pool... In town between Shopping Center & Downtown" (what are Magic Fingers?).

Town House Motel 1960s postcard in Joliet, Illinois

Town House Motel 1960s postcard in Joliet Route 66
Town House Motel 1960s postcard in Joliet, Illinois. www.ebay.com

Town House Motel present appearance in Joliet, Illinois

Town House Motel present appearance in Joliet Route 66
Town House Motel present appearance in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

From here you can head west to the 1940-58 US 66 alignment in Plainfield or turn back and go south along Route 66:

South Cars and Racing...

Head south towards Elwood along US 66.

A 15 mile drive tip to tip (Map with Directions).

The Bluesmobile

Route 53 and Laraway Road

To your right, is the Route 66 Food N Fuel: a truck stop that opened in 2013 at this intersection on its SW corner. Here is the "Bluesmobile" atop a column:

The Blues brothers drive around in the "Bluesmobile" a former police car, a 1974 440 Dodge Monaco. The gadget on the roof is a loudspeaker. According to Dan Aykroyd, the horn-shaped loudspeaker is a duplicate of the one back at his school in Ottawa Canada. It was a Cold War siren.

The Bluesmobile, a replica in Joliet, Illinois

The Bluesmobile, a replica in Joliet Route 66
The Bluesmobile, a replica in Joliet, Illinois. www.foodnfuel.com

Keep southbound and turn left at W Schweitzer Rd. to see a Right of Way Marker:

Right of Way Marker 1926

SW corner of Route 66 and W Schweitzer Rd

Hidden in the grass, is an old state highway right of way marker next to the Route 66 Raceway sign. This dates back to the SBI 4 (State Hwy 4) days early 1920s and predates Route 66. You can see it in the yellow box in the image below:

Right of Way Marker 1926 in Joliet, Illinois

Right of Way Marker 1926 in Joliet Route 66
Right of Way Marker 1926 in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Ahead are two venues for car racing fans:

Chicagoland Speedway

500 Speedway Boulevard

(full info at their website: chicagolandspeedway.com

With a 1.5 mile oval it hosts NASCAR events and ARCA Racing series.

Route 66 Raceway

Website: route66raceway.com

A quarter mile drag strip and a half mile dirt oval it annualy hosts the NHRA National Drag Racing events and Demolition Derbies.

From here you can head south into Elwood or continue to visit our last attraction, a motel on US 66 and I-55 (which was the 1958 - 77 alignment of Route 66):

The Manor Motel

23926 W Eames St, Channahon, IL

As its postcard tells us, it was located on "Rte 66 (I-55) and US 6". Its relaxed colonial style building is virtually unchanged, and it is still operating as a motel.

The Manor Motel is listed by the National Park Service as one of the "ca. 1935-58 motel buildings remaining on Route 66 in Illinois", it describes it as follows: "Brick, U-shaped 1 and 2 story, colonial style motel with end gable roofs. 77 units. Ca. 1950s".

The Manor Motel, a 1950s postcard in Joliet, Illinois

The Manor Motel, a 1950s postcard in Joliet Route 66
The Manor Motel, a 1950s postcard in Joliet, Illinois. www.ebay.com

The Manor Motel, current appearance in Joliet, Illinois

The Manor Motel, current appearance in Joliet Route 66
The Manor Motel, current appearance in Joliet, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

From here you can head north along the 1940-58 US 66 alignment in Plainfield or south into Braidwood or return to Route 66 and go on, to Elwood.

Historic Route 66 in Joliet, Illinois

Illinois funded its original state highway network by floating a bond in 1918. Among the roads built was SBI 4 (State Bond Issue) along what had been the "Pontiac Trail" that ran from Chicago to St. Louis. Originally it was aligned to the northeast of Joliet, through Lockport into Lemont, bypassing Romeoville; Route 4 was paved completely by 1923, but in 1926 it became Route 4A after a new Route 4 was built from Joliet north through Romeoville. It became Route 66 in 1926.

Route 66

US 66 1926 to 1939

Route 66 which nowadays is IL-53 ran through Joliet between 1926 and 1939. In 1940 a new and straighter alignment built through Plainfield so the old alignment became ALT US 66 from then until 1977.

1928 Illinois State roadmap

1928 Illinois State roadmap

US 66 1940 to 1977

This new road was built from Gardner to Plainfield and then NE towards the old alignment, which it met north of Romeoville.

The 1928 Illinois state roadmap shows the original US 66 and the other highways in the region (IL-4 and Il-4A), it also marks Joliet (left of center).

The new "MAIN" US 66 is marked with a Green Line in the google map further up.

ALT US 66 1940 to 1977

The old road from Romeoville ran south to Joliet, Wilmington, Braidwood, Braceville and Gardner as ALT US 66; the Pale Blue line marks these 1926-39 US 66 and 1940-77 ALT 66 alignments.

US 66 final years: 1958 - 1977

In 1958 US 66 was moved further west to a brand new freeway that bypassed all the towns including Plainfield, Braidwood and also Gardner. US 66 and I-55 shared the freeway.

Alternate US 66

The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) created the "Alternate" designation in 1959. Its purpose was to designate a route that branches off from the main highway, passes through given towns or cities and then connects again with the main numbered route. The idea is to accommodate a high traffic demand. When the Alternate and Main highways followed a similar course, the shorter and better built highway would be marked as main and the other as alternate.

In 1940 Route 66 north (east) of Joliet, all the way to present Wellco Corners had been designated as ALT 66.

And Route 66, the main highway now ran along a new highway parallel to the old one, on the western side of the railroad from Braceville and a point just north of Joliet. Here it turned sharply and took a straight course northward, crossing the Kankakee River and passing by "Blodgett", then it crossed the Des Plaines River and intersected US 6, passed by "Birds", intersected US 52 and finally reached Plainfield where it met US 30 and turned with a northeastern course towards Cicero and Chicago. It met the ALT 66 at Wellco Corners.

There are only three places along Route 66 where an Alternate alignment existed: this one into Chicago, one in Oklahoma City and the one leading into Los Angeles CA.

Drive from Romeoville to Joliet

Drive 8.8 miles from Romeoville to Joliet: Map with directions.

> > See the previous segment Romeoville to Joliet (east)

> > See the next segment Joliet to Elwood (west)

Sources

Historic Impressions Volume II, Cean Magosky, P. Seth Magosky. Lulu.com

Banner image: Dead Man's Curve, Laguna New Mexico by Perla Eichenblat.