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Madison

Illinois Flag

Site of Chain of Rocks Bridge

Madison, is just across the Mississippi from St. Louis.
See theDairy Master neon sign, the two Ghost Signs and the Historical Chain of Rocks Bridge.

Madison Illinois

City Route 66 in Illinois

< West     Venice ¦ Madison ¦ Granite City ¦ Mitchell     East >

Bypass Route 66 Around St. Louis MO
< Southwest     Kirkwood ¦ Creve Coeur ¦ Maryland Heights ¦ Bridgeton ¦ Hazelwood ¦ Mitchell ¦ Edwardsville ¦ Hamel     Northeast >

The Main Alignment of Route 66 (after 1954) at Venice

< Head West
Sunset Hills ¦ Marlborough ¦ St. Louis

 

All about Madison, Illinois

Trivia, Useful Information & Facts

Elevation: 426 ft (130 m). Population 3,891 (2010).
Time zone: Central (CST): UTC minus 6 hours. Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5).

Madison is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States both, the 1926-40 and 1940-54 alignment of US-66, (Map of Madison).

History of Madison

Humans have lived in Illinois since the retreat of the glaciers at the end of th last Ice Age some 12,000 years ago.

For the early history of Madison County, read this.

First post office opened on May 17, 1841 and the town was platted in 1891. Its population grew with the industry in the county but after peaking at 7,000 in 1970, the loss of jobs, and rust-bucket economic situation led to a loss of population.

The Name:Madison

Named after the county which in turn was named for James Madison Jr., Founding Father and fourth President of the USA (1809 to 1817 serving two terms). Born 1751, Died 1836.

Madison, its Hotels and Motels

Lodging & accommodation in Madison

> > Book your hotel nearby in Granite City

More Accommodation near Madison on Route 66

See some more hotels & motels nearby

Hotels to the West in Missouri

Just North on old Bypass US 66

Hotels to the East, Illinois

Book your Route 66 hotel
Book your Hotel along Route 66

>> Check out the RV campground in neighboring Granite City

Madison's weather

weather in Madison, Il
Madison map on US Highway 66
Here is Madison, on U.S. Hwy 66 in Illinois

Madison's average temperature can range from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in winter (Jan) to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in summer (Jul).

Extreme values that have been recorded are: a chilly −16 °F (−27 °C) in winter and a suffocating 114 °F (46 °C) in summer.

The average monthly precipitation is 2 inches (51 mm) in January and 4.24 inches (108 mm) in May.

Tornado risk

Madison is in an area that is struck by some 7 tornados every year.

Tornado Risk: learn more about the Tornado Risk on US 66.

Map of Route 66 through Madison, Illinois

Display Madison Route 66 Map


  Click Map will appear below
 

This is the color key for Madison:

Pale Blue: Historic Route 66 in town.
Red line or gaps mark where I-55 overlaps the original roadbed.
Blue, Green is the 1954 US66 through Madison.
Gray, Pink, Yellow, Violet show different alignments of Route 66
Brown is the BYP US-66.
Orange: the 1926-30s aligment through Madison into St. Louis.
Black: lost segments.

Google Maps. Terms. Nicolas Mollet, CC BY SA 3.0 License

Route 66 in Illinois: Historic Route 66 in Madison

Route 66 logo

Route 66 across Illinois

Historic Route 66 has been designated as an All-American Road and a National Scenic Byway in the state of Illinois.

Click on the following link for a Full description of Route 66 across the state of Illinois.

Below we provide More information on US 66 in Madison.

Madison: its classic Route 66 Sights

Attractions & Landmarks

Reaching Madison

Drive into Madison along Historic U.S. 66. You can also use the freeways that lead to St. Louis: I-55, I-64, I-70, and also Historic US-40.

Safety Tip - Crime rate is high

Use common sense in this town: just like in East St. Louis and St. Louis: ONLY VISIT the Route 66 sights during daytime and then move on to stay in accommodation outside the city. Both East St. Louis and St. Louis and the shabby districts around them, have a very high crime rate. It is not adviseable to spend the night there.

Drug abuse and crime rates are high. Keep off the streets at night don't leave valuables in your car, and know exactly where you are going because you don't want to get lost or end up in a nasty neighborhood.

Not many Route 66 attractions have made it until the XXIst century. There are many vacant lots, boarded shops, abandoned buildings... but there are three things that we consider worth seeing in Madison:

Entering town from the east (Granite City), to your left is a Amazing Neon Sign:

Dairy Master neon sign

516 Madison Ave, Madison

The "antropomorph" cup with a straw is a great example of Route 66 Kistch!

Dairy Master neon sign in Madison, Illinois

Dairy Master neon sign in Madison Route 66
Dairy Master neon sign in Madison, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Trivia

Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Church in America. The first Bulgarian Orthodox church board in Madison was organised in 1906. It was the first in the US

Ahead, now to your right. Stop and look back at the west facing walls, are two "Ghost Signs":

Ghost Signs

Ghost Signs in Madison US66

Ghost Signs, Madison, Il. Click for street view

411 Madison Ave

One is "Brody Bro's", the other "Durham" on the next building

A ghost sign is an advertisment painted on a brick wall from the late 1800s or early 1900s that has managed to make it to our days without being painted over or erased.

Head west into Venice cross the McKinley Bridge and enter St. Louis, because your Route 66 Tour in Madison ends here.

However, due to the extension of the city, it actually includes a Historic Site that is located on Bypass 66, to the north, which is actualy closer to Mitchell on BYP 66. But we will describe it here, in detail: the Chain of Rocks Bridge.

Historical Chain of Rocks Bridge

Historic Route 66 & Mississippi River

Chain of Rocks Bridge nowadays in Madison, Illinois

Chain of Rocks Bridge nowadays in Madison Route 66
Chain of Rocks Bridge nowadays in Madison, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Below is a vintage postcard of the bridge:

Historical Chain of Rocks, vintage postcard in Madison, Illinois

Historical Chain of Rocks, vintage postcard in Madison Route 66
Historical Chain of Rocks, vintage postcard in Madison, Illinois, amazon.com. Click to enlarge image

It was one enormous project in its day, and it was a private one. It was supposed to cost $1,250,000 (a fortune at that time, and ended up costing twice the original estimate).

It was suppposed to be straight, but ended up bended due to the complaints of riverboat crews because it was just next to the water intakes for St. Louis, and would have made navigation difficult. Also, the original straight course led it thorough bedrock that couldn't withstand the weight of the bridge. So it was "bent".

It stood 55 feet above the water and had a 40 foot-wide roadway with 10 spans.

Construction began in 1927 on both sides of the Mississippi and it opened in July 1929.

It carried Route 66 across it since then and in the late 1930s the Bypass US 66 was aligned across it to avoid going through downtown St. Louis. The bridge was initially a toll bridge but it was later removed.

In 1967 a brand new bridge, the "New Chain of Rocks Bridge" was built to the north and carried the freeway (I-270), this led to the demise of the Chain of Rocks Bridge that same year.

Tips

Access to the bridge from the Missouri side is CLOSED due to severe issues with car vandalism. You can park on the Illinois access. Do not leave any valuables in your car. Park at your own risk. The bridge is open to bikers and pedestrians daily from 9:00am to dusk and is wheelchair accessible.

Bridge entrance is accessible in Missouri at North Riverfront Park, south of the Bridge along the Riverfront Trail.

Trivia

In 1981, the bridge was used to shoot a scene of the movie "Escape from New York".

It was the site of the 1991 murder of sisters Julie and Robin Kerry (Read more).

Castles in the River

Next to the bridge, on its southern side are two amazing "Castles" which are intake towers that bring water into the St. Louis potable water plant. Back in the 1920s, crews would camp out there inside those four-story buildings to keep water flowing into St. Louis.

Route 66 through Madison

The original alignment of Route 66 came from Mitchell and then headed south along MO-203 (Nameoki Rd.), turning south along the western side of Granite City via Edwardsville Rd.

At Madison Avenue it turned southwest going through Granite City proper and then continuing along Madison Ave., it entered Madison this alignment is shown with the Blue arrow in the map below.

From Madison it continued into Venice along Broadway and then across the Mckinley Bridge into St. Louis.

See it marked in Orange in the Google Map further up.

Below is a 1940 USGS map of Madison and as you can see the alignment at that time had changed (it is marked with a Red arrow).

The new alignment had moved (Green in the Google map further up) to the east and south of the city. Because instead of turning into Granite City along Madison Ave, it continued south and turned along the southern flank of that city along Edwardsville Rd.

Entering Madison it turned south with Alt US 67 along Mc Cambridge Ave. (MO-203) and then on Madison Rd., all the way to Collinsville Rd. to go through East St. Louis and cross the Mississippi River there, into St. Louis.

USGS map from 1940 with US 66 in Madison, Illinois

USGS map from 1940 with US 66 in Madison Route 66
USGS map from 1940 with US 66 in Madison, Illinois

Route 66 was realigned later in 1954, through Collinsville (violet in the map).

> > See the previous segment Into Mitchell (east)

> > See the next segment Route 66 in Venice (west)

Sources

Banner image: Dead Man's Curve, Laguna New Mexico by Perla Eichenblat.