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Virden (1926-30 US 66)

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Site of the "Virden Battle"

Virden is located on the original 1926 Route 66 alignment. Its key landmarks are the Virden History Mural and the Virden Miner’s Riot Memorial.

Virden Illinois

Main 1930 - 77 US 66 in Illinois

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The 1926-30 Alignment of Route 66 at Virden

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Virden, Illinois: all about it

Trivia, Facts and Useful Information

Elevation: 681 ft (208 m). Population 3,425 (2010).
Time zone: Central (CST): UTC minus 6 hours. Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5).

Virden is a city in Macoupin and Sangamon counties is pronounced "Verd-n"; see this Map of Virden.

The History of Virden

The first inhabitants of what is now Illinois, arrived when the ice sheets retreated some 11,000 years ago, at the end of the last Ice Age. These Paleoindians were the ancestors of the modern Kickapoo, Illinois and Miami natives that were the historic natives encountered by the first European explorers in the mid 1600s.

France claimed the region as part of "New France" (now Canada) but lost it to Britain during the Seven Year War (1763). The independence of America (1776) saw the land change hands again; it became a territory of the U.S.

Pioneers arrived in the mid 1810s and early 1820s, as farmers around the time that Illinois gained statehood (1818). The first settler in the region was John Woods, who came from Virginia in 1817. Macoupin County was established in 1829 and was named after Macoupin Creek (the word is a Miami-Illinois term for the American lotus Nelumbo lutea).

The Chicago and Alton railroad was completed through this area in 1852, and the town was founded that same year by Heaton, DuBoise, Chesnut, Hickox and Keiting. Its first building was John Virden's hotel.

The name Virden

Virden was named in honor of John Virden, who for a number of years had kept a popular stage-stand some two miles south, and was the proprietor of the hotel. The surname is a locational name "of Verdun" the town in Meuse in north-east France.

In 1869 a coal shaft was sunk and was operated by J. W. Utt. The 31 mile long Jacksonville & South-eastern Railway shipped out coal of the Virden Coal Company, to Jacksonville.

Route 66 was aligned through the town along the original State Highway, SBI 4, in 1926. Four years later it was shortened and made straighter: it was realigned further east through Litchfield, bypassing Virden.

Virden, its Hotels and Motels

Lodging & accommodation in Virden

> > Book your hotel close by, in Springfield

More Accommodation near Virden on Route 66

See some more hotels & motels nearby

Hotels further East, in Illinois

On Main US 66

Hotels, Westwards in Missouri

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Book your Hotel along Route 66

>> Check out the RV campground close by, in Springfield

Virden's weather

weather in Virden, Il
Virden map on US Highway 66
Here is Virden, on U.S. Hwy 66 in Illinois

Virden's climate is a "humid continental type", its summers are humid, long and hot. Its winters are short, very cold, with a lot of snow and quite windy.

Its average yearly temperature is around 52.4 °F (11.3°C). The winter averages (Jan) are: low 21°F (-6°C) and high 35°F (1.7°C). The average summer (Jul) high is 86°F (30°C), and a low is 68°F (20°C).

Snow falls during more than 4 months with an average snowfall of 22 inches (56 cm) yearly. Precipitation is 35.3 in. (895 mm) on avg. each year.

Tornado risk

The are around Virden may get around 7 tornado strikes each year.

Tornado Risk: learn more about the Tornado Risk on US 66.

Map of Route 66 through Virden in Illinois

See the alignment of US 66 in this town, on our Illinois Route 66 Map, it has the complete alignment across the state with all the towns along it.

Route 66 in Illinois: Historic Route 66 in Virden

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Route 66 in Illinois

Read this detailed description of Route 66 in Illinois.

Below we provide More information on US 66 in Virden (the 1926-30 alignment).

Route 66 is listed in the National Register of Historic Places on two segments of this 1926 alignment north of Virden in Auburn and south, from Girard to Nilwood.

How to get to Virden

Drive along IL-4 into Virden or via Virden Ave. from Historic U.S. 66 and I-55.

Virden's Route 66 Landmarks

Some Attractions and Sights

As you drive into Virden along State Hwy 4 from the north, stop to see the Mural:

Virden History Mural

N Sprignfiedl and E Jackson

On the NE corner is the mural. It is on the western brick wall of the Sav-Mor Building.

It is the work of John Hubbell (2004) and is 52 by 19 feet. The mural has four panels, one depicts a scene of a settler on the prairies, the second has John Virden and his hotel. The third portrays Melvin Vaniman a Virden native aviator and photogrpher. The last panel shows the downtown area, a train a Route 66 sign and an old car.

Virden History Mural in Virden, Illinois

Virden History Mural in Virden Route 66
Virden History Mural in Virden, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

Turn left along E Jackson and visit the town's square (Don't miss the Historic bandstand). It has a monument to those brave men who fought in World War I (1914-18) and the Virden Miner's Memorial:

Virden Miner’s Riot Memorial

Virden Square NE corner of E Jackson and N Dye Streets

This central park has a memorial dedicated in 2006, it is a granite slab with a bronze bass-relief depicting the events of the Miner's Riot of 1898.

In 1898 there was a dispute between the owners of the Chicago-Virden Coal Co. who refused to honor a nationwide agreement signed with the United Mine Workers: the company said that paying 40 cents per ton per day and accepting an eight-hour work shift would lead to bankruptcy.

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The miners went on strike and the company hired non-unionized African-Americans from Alabama. The miners blocked their entry in September, but a second attempt in October, with a fortified stockade around the mine protected by 50 armed guards led to a gunfight between guards and miners.

This 10-minute clash is known as the "Battle of Virden", in which 13 men were killed: eight miners, four guards hired by the mine and a and Chicago and Alton Rialroad employee.

Mary "Mother" Jones (1837-1930) a labor union activist, sided with the miners, and is buried with some of the miners killed in the riot at the Historic Union Miners Cemetery in Mount Olive on the 1930 Route 66 east of Virden. Read More on Jones and the historic cemetery.

Below is a "Then and Now" sequence of the corner across the street from the Memorial:

The tracks in the foreground of the old photo are those of the the Illinois Traction (or Illinois Terminal Railroad). It was a heavy duty interurban electric railroad with passenger and freight service. It passed through Virden on its Springfield-Granite City line (which ran between 1904 and 1956). The tracks have been removed.

North side of Square 1950s in Virden, Illinois

North side of Square 1950s in Virden Route 66
North side of Square 1950s in Virden, Illinois. University of Alberta Libraries

North side of Square nowadays in Virden, Illinois

North side of Square nowadays in Virden Route 66
North side of Square nowadays in Virden, Illinois. Click to enlarge image

And this is the end of your Virden City Tour.

Historic Route 66 in Virden

Historic background: Pontiac Trail

Pontiac Trail sign

The Pontiac Trail symbol shield

The predecessor of Route 66 was the "Pontiac Trail". The use of automobiles grew in during the early 1900s and this led to a public demand for better roads, suitable for cars.

Dirt trails used by carts with deep ruts, which became muddy traps during the rainy periods were not suitable.

A private association was formed in 1915 to promote the Pontiac Trail which became a "solid surface road" that linked Chicago with St. Louis. It was named for the famous Ottawa Indians chief. The B.F. Goodrich tire company marked its milage posts with its custom shield sign (see image).

The state government took over and issued a bond in 1918 which created the State Bond Issue (SBI) Route #4, which was mainly aligned along the Pontiac Trail.

This highway was paved between 1923 and 1926, and that same year, 1926 when U.S. Highway 66 was created, it was aligned along the new IL-4 roadbed.

1926-1930 US 66

This first alignment of Route 66 south of Springfield had a winding course following the former county lanes and lot demarcation trails. It had many sharp 90° curves. This made it unsafe and also longer.

Route 66 after 1930: realigned

Marked in Pale Blue in the map above.

Seeking a straighter alignment the Illinois Division of Highways led by Thomas Sheets moved Route 66 eastwards through Mt. Olive and Litchfield and Divernon.

This new 1930 US66 split from the 1926 alignment in Staunton and met it again, further north in Springfield, bypassing Virden.

Original 1926-1930 alignment Thayer to Virden

The short 2.5 mile trip from Thayer to Virden is shown in this Map. This is shown in Orange in the Google map above.

> > See the previous segment From From Auburn to Thayer (east)

> > See the next segment Virden to Girard (west)


Jack DeVere Rittenhouse, (1946). A Guide Book to Highway 66.
Banner image: Hackberry General Store, Hackberry, Arizona by Perla Eichenblat.

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