Auburn, Illinois full details
Trivia, Useful info & Facts
Elevation: 628 ft (191 m). Population 116,250 (2010).
Time zone: Central (CST): UTC minus 6 hours. Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5).
Auburn is located in Sangamon county and this is a Map of Auburn.
The History of Auburn
The first inhabitants of what is now Illinois, arrived when the ice sheets retreated some 11,000 years ago, at the end of the last Ice Age. These Paleoindians were the ancestors of the modern Kickapoo, Illinois and Miami natives that were the historic natives encountered by the first European explorers in the mid 1600s.
Hand-laid brick road in Auburn, Illinois
France claimed the region as part of "New France" (now Canada) but lost it to Britain during the Seven Year War (1763). The independence of America (1776) saw the land change hands again; it became a territory of the U.S.
The first settlers arrived in the mid 1810s and early 1820s, around the time that Illinois gained statehood (1818).
In 1821, Sangamon County was established. It was named after the Sangamon River, which runs through it. the word Sangamon may be a Pottawatomie native word (Sain-guee-mon = "where there is plenty to eat") or a name given by the French explorers (St. Gamo: Eighth century Benedictine monk. Abbot at Noyon, France; he expanded the monastic movement and was a patron of the arts).
It was founded in 1835 one mile north of its present location by Thomas Eastman and sons. The post office opened in 1838 as Sugar Creek but changed a few months later to Auburn.
When the Alton and Sangamon Railroad was built in 1853, the town relocated to its present location by the station then named Wineman, which had been founded by Philip Wineman. This led Asa Eastman son of Thomas to buy Wineman and rename it Auburn.
The name Auburn
Thomas Eastman's daughter Hannah named it for their former hometown Auburn in Androscoggin Maine. Which in turn was namedi after the fictional English village of "Auburn" mentioned in the 1770 poem "The Deserted Village" by Oliver Goldsmith (1728-1774), a critique to the Industrial Revolution. Although it comes from Latin "albus" (white) it morphed to "brown" because 16th and 17th centuries the color was often written abrune or abroun.
Route 66 was aligned through the city following the frist State Highway, SBI 4, in 1926, but it was short lived as in 1930 it was shortened and made straighter, realigned to the east through Litchfield, bypassing Auburn.
Auburn, its Hotels and Motels
Lodging & accommodation in Auburn
> > Book your hotel nearby, in Springfield IL
More Accommodation near Auburn on Route 66
See some more hotels & motels nearby
Hotels further East, in Illinois
On Main 1930-77 US 66 in Illinois, more accommodation
Hotels, Westwards in Missouri
>> Check out the RV campground nearby, in Springfield
Auburn's climate is a "humid continental type", its summers are humid, long and hot. Its winters are short, very cold, with a lot of snow and quite windy.
Its average yearly temperature is around 52.4 °F (11.3°C). The winter averages (Jan) are: low 21°F (-6°C) and high 35°F (1.7°C). The average summer (Jul) high is 86°F (30°C), and a low is 68°F (20°C).
Snow falls during more than 4 months with an average snowfall of 22 inches (56 cm) yearly. Precipitation is 35.3 in. (895 mm) per year.
The are around Auburn may get around 7 tornado strikes each year.
Tornado Risk: learn more about the Tornado Risk on US 66.
Map of Route 66 through Auburn in Illinois
See the alignment of US 66 here, on our Illinois Route 66 Map, it has the complete alignment across the state with all the towns along it.
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Route 66 in Illinois: Historic Route 66 in Auburn
Route 66 across Illinois
Read this detailed description of Route 66 in Illinois.
Below we provide More information on US 66 in Auburn (the 1926-30 alignment).
Route 66 is listed in the National Register of Historic Places on two segments of the 1926 alignment: here in Auburn (read on below) and from Girard to Nilwood.
Getting to Auburn
Reach Auburn driving along State Highway 4, south of Chatham and Springfield. IL-104 links it to I-55 (Exit 82) and US 66, which are 6 mi. to the east.
Auburn: classic US 66 Sights
Landmarks and Attractions
Historic Brick Road
Listed in the National Register of Historic Places
State Route 4, Auburn. See Map with directions.
The "Historic Brick Road" listed in the National Register of Historic Places actually consists of two separate road segments. The original brick road and another separate "Concrete segment". We describe both of them below:
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Red brick Road Route 66
It is a 1.5 mile-long portion of highway which was originally built as State Route 4 in 1921. It served as Route 66's original roadbed from then until 1930, when US 66 was realigned further east, between Springfield and Staunton via Litchfield and Mount Olive.
However, the original 1921 road was built in concrete and not in bricks (more on this below), the bridge over Little Panther Creek was also built in concrete in 1920 and replaced in 2002.
After Route 66 was relocated eastwards in 1930, this segment became Route 4 once again.
In 1932 Route 4 was also straightened out, adopting its current diagonal course, and the Snell & Curran Roads segment which were bypassed, were repaved with bricks: becomint the now famous "Auburn Brick Road".
An abandoned section of the 1926-30 US 66
This segment of concrete roadbed is not mentioned as part of the "Historic Place", but as you can see in the images below, it was indeed part of the 1920 Route 4 and then the 1926-30 US 66. The 1932 alignment of IL-4 bypassed it.
The image below shows a detail from the 1924 USGS map of Snell Road north of Auburn. The red line marks what then was State Highway 4. Which curved to the south along a now abandoned section of road (red arrow) and then curved 90° west along Hambuch Rd. continuing along Snell Rd. and taking another 90° turn south, towards Auburn. This section was paved as the map marks it in red.
The later alignment, built after 1932 is shown with the dashed blue line and it has a diagonal course from NE to SW.
Note that in 1924 Snell Rd. didn't have its present curve into Curran Rd. (left side of image) which was surely built in 1932 when it was resurfaced, following the trend of the time to eliminate 90° turns.
USGS map from 1924, Auburn, Il. Click for street view
The image above shows this original concrete paved segment between modern IL-4 and Hambuch Rd (red arrow). Notice how it curves into Hambuch. Below is a photograph of its intersection with Hambuch Rd. and the curve:
Original Route 4 at Hambuch Rd. in Auburn, Illinois
Just 1.7 miles north of the historic brick road is another historic segment of Route 66 (Map with directions).
Historic Concrete Segment (1921)
Alpha Rd. near IL-4, Auburn, Location map
This road section, currently Alpha Road, was built in Portland cement in 1921 and consists of a 1,277 foot-long, 16 foot wide section of highway built as Route 4.
It too was part of Route 66 when it was created in 1926, and like the historic brick road south of it, in 1930 whe US 66 moved to the east, this section became Route 4 once again.
The state highway was realigned in 1932, eliminating the two 90° turns and replacing them with a softer "S".
Below is the 1924 USGS map of the road and its present satelite view, the red arrows show the now abandoned sections. The dashed blue line is the present alignment built in 1932, and the blue arrow is the surviving concrete roadbed.
Historic Concrete Roadbed USGS Map 1924, Auburn, Il.
Paving roads with bricks
Dirt or gravel roads in the countryside and the cities were problematic even during the horse drawn cart age: They were uneven, the wheels created ruts that filled with water forming puddles when it rained. Mud slowed down traffic for days until it finally dried.
Stone cobbles were expensive to shape and transport because they were not always available locally. The same can be said about gravel.
Virgil Gates and Mordecai Levi were granted a patent (No. 285,746) in 1883 for their method of building brick pavement roads. Bricks were easy to make, light and provided a good road surface. They became popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Road Construction with bricks
Initially they were laid on the soil with a sand cushion below and the joints filled with sand. This was inadequate because water passed in between the bricks through the sand joints and loosened the sand bed below.
The solution was to build a concrete foundation, lay a sand cushion on it, place the bricks close together and fill the spaces with a bituminous cement.
Glazed bricks were chosen because they were very durable, also known as vitrified bricks they were impervious to water and corrosion.
The Historic Brick Road, notice the concrete curb in Auburn, Illinois
They could expand and contract without cracking due to the space around them.
In the case of State Highway 4, you can stil see, on both sides of the road a 10 inch concrete curb. They formed part of a "U-shaped" concrete foundation, the hollow to be filled with the bricks, sand and asphalt.
Brick Paved Route 66 in Illinois
In Illinois, the "Tice Act" (1913) required permanent brick roads and this was due to the effective lobbying by Illinois brick manufacturers.
The image below shows a group of workers laying bricks in Illinois in the early 1920s. Note the concrete curbs on each side, the bituminous base and the men laying the bricks:
Road building crew laying bricks ca.1920s in Illinois, on a bituminous base.
Champion Brick Layer
Some road workers became famous, one of them was "Indian Jim" (James Garfield Brown) of Kansas who was the "Champion brick layer of the United States" having set 218 tons of bricks in less than 7 hours.
Indian Jim actually worked for the McCarthy Improvement Co., of Davenport Indiana, who in 1933 was in charge of a resurfacing job on Route 5 between Chatham and Abuburn. He could lay 1,600 sq. yards per day all by himself.
The working crews consisted of three brick laying gangs with one mastic crew, one rolling crew, one culling crew and a filler crew.
More Brick paved Streets on Route 66
You can see other urban streets paved with bricks along Route 66 from Illinois to Texas: such as the Amarillo TX brick street, the Shamrock TX street paved with bricks and the Davenport OK, Historic Brick Paved Broadway St.. Close by, in Illinois, in Edwardsville, IL there is a brick surfaced street.
5029 Snell Rd, Auburn
As you drive along Snell Rd. on the Brick highway, to your left is this local attraction. This antique store sits next to the original 1930s brick road. Beck Hargett, co-owner, passed away in 2015. Its worth a stop.
This marks the end of your tour through Auburn, so head south into the town and continue your journey along the 1926-30 Route 66.
Historic 1926 to 1930 Route 66 in Auburn
Historic background: Pontiac Trail
The Pontiac Trail symbol shield
The predecessor of Route 66 was the "Pontiac Trail". The use of automobiles grew in during the early 1900s and this led to a public demand for better roads, suitable for cars.
Dirt trails used by carts with deep ruts, which became muddy traps during the rainy periods were not suitable.
A private association was formed in 1915 to promote the Pontiac Trail which became a "solid surface road" that linked Chicago with St. Louis. It was named for the famous Ottawa Indians chief. The B.F. Goodrich tire company marked its milage posts with its custom shield sign (see image).
The state government took over and issued a bond in 1918 which created the State Bond Issue highway 4 (or SBI-4) which mostly followed the original Pontiac Trail.
This highway was paved between 1923 and 1926, and that same year, 1926 when U.S. Highway 66 was created, it was aligned along the new IL-4 roadbed.
1926-1930 US 66
This first alignment of Route 66 south of Springfield had a winding course following the former county lanes and lot demarcation trails. It had many sharp 90° curves. This made it unsafe and also longer. The highway ran between Staunton and Springfield (Orange in the map above).
Route 66 after 1930
Marked in Pale Blue in the map above.
Seeking a straighter alignment the Illinois Division of Highways led by Thomas Sheets moved Route 66 eastwards through Mt. Olive and Litchfield and Divernon.
This new alignment branched from the previous alignment south of Stanton and reunited with it in Springfield. Auburn had been bypassed.
Original 1926-1930 alignment Chatham to Auburn
The 6.8 mile trip from Chatham to Auburn is shown in this Map with Directions. It is marked with an Orange line in the Google map above.
In Auburn, the road followed Lincoln St. then south along modern IL-4 and west along a now vanished westward extension of W. North St. then it turned sharply south along Panther Creek Rd. and continued south on IL-4.
> > See the previous segment From Springfield to Chatham (east)
> > See the next segment Auburn to Thayer (west)